By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a wide software of social transformation to enhance the placement of the operating type and terrible, ladies, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and extensive entry to healthiness care, schooling, and social prone. This publication explores how Nicaragua's least strong voters have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic study performed during the Nineteen Nineties, Florence Babb describes the detrimental results that experience the go back to a capitalist direction, specifically for ladies and low-income voters. additionally, she charts the expansion of women's and different social routine (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, early life, peace, and environmental) that experience taken benefit of new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic pics of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and international processes.
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Extra info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
Even so, I point to some recent efforts to conceive a new urban political culture attentive to gender and power, which have come in response to the social economic reconﬁguration of globalized post-Sandinista Nicaragua.
Rather, the emergence of more independent social movements is likely the result of a questioning of top-down Sandinista Party politics, strong opposition to neoliberal government policy, continued mobilization under a government that tolerates a degree of political dissent—and a desire to raise issues that had been overlooked or silenced by established political parties both before and after the 1990 elections. In what follows, I discuss the connection between shifting political economies and emergent social movements in terms of struggles for social space in Latin America more generally and then consider the case of Nicaragua.
I would suggest, however, that even as neoliberal Nicaragua aspires for many of the hallmarks of modernity, the complex conditions of postmodernity are also in evidence. 8 Economic Spaces in the Urban Terrain While President Chamorro, better known in Nicaragua as Doña Violeta, tried to put a motherly face on harsh economic reforms, many low-income women and men in Managua were coming to have less and less conﬁdence in the government’s ability to improve their lives. The currency was stabilized, but unemployment and underemployment approached 60 percent just as privatization of health care and cuts in social services pulled out the safety net that had protected the urban poor during the previous decade (Envío 1994: 7).
After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua by Florence E. Babb