By Peter K. J. Park
A ancient research of the exclusion of Africa and Asia from glossy histories of philosophy.
In this provocative historiography, Peter ok. J. Park presents a penetrating account of a very important interval within the improvement of philosophy as an educational self-discipline. in the course of those many years, a variety of ecu philosophers prompted through Immanuel Kant started to formulate the historical past of philosophy as a march of development from the Greeks to Kant—a family tree that supplanted current money owed starting in Egypt or Western Asia and at a time while ecu curiosity in Sanskrit and Persian literature used to be flourishing. no longer with no debate, those traditions have been finally deemed outdoor the scope of philosophy and relegated to the examine of faith. Park uncovers this debate and recounts the advance of an exclusionary canon of philosophy within the a long time of the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries. To what quantity used to be this exclusion of Africa and Asia as a result of the the scientization of philosophy? To what volume used to be it because of the racism?
This booklet comprises the main broad description on hand wherever of Joseph-Marie de Gérando’s Histoire comparée des systèmes de philosophie, Friedrich Schlegel’s lectures at the heritage of philosophy, Friedrich Ast’s and Thaddä Anselm Rixner’s systematic integration of Africa and Asia into the background of philosophy, and the controversy among G. W. F. Hegel and the theologian August Tholuck over “pantheism.”
“Africa, Asia, and the historical past of Philosophy is a great addition to a ignored quarter within the historical past of rules. Philosophy has lengthy suffered from exclusions that hold us from absolutely appreciating the contributions to our box from Africa and Asia. Park’s e-book uncovers a few of the assets of philosophy’s exclusionary practices. The ancient aspect is impressive.” — Elizabeth Millán, writer of Friedrich Schlegel and the Emergence of Romantic Philosophy
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Extra info for Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830
This universal history would preserve the knowledge of the rules and methods of cultivation of the arts and sciences and be a record of the divisions of the learned world, their greatest controversies, calumnies, and achievements. This universal history of letters would record the best and most important writers, books, schools, and other institutions of learning that have ever existed. 13 As Bacon had recommended, de Gérando composed a comparative history that established principles of relation, united effects to their causes, and determined the favorable and unfavorable circumstances for the advancement of social knowledge.
53 The Polyhistor literarius is divided into seven sections: libraries, method, excerpting, grammar, criticism, rhetoric, and poetics. The Polyhistor philosophicus is divided into the history of philosopy (Polyhistor philosophicus-historicus), covering the ancient schools, the Scholastics, and the Novatores as well as the history of natural philosophy (Polyhistor physicus) including metaphyics (in the Aristotelian sense), the artes divinatoriae, magic, mathematics, and, finally, the theory of knowledge.
Certainly, the opponents of Kantian philosophy remained unconvinced. One such opponent was Friedrich Nicolai (1733–1811), the literary critic and editor of Briefe, die neueste Literatur betreffend, his collaboration with Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Moses Mendelssohn from 1759 to 1765. He edited the Allgemeine deutsche Bibliothek from 1765 to 1792. 140 He related that Reinhold, as early as 1781, wanted to remove all references to “opinions” from the history of philosophy. For Nicolai, these were enough clues to indicate that Tennemann and Reinhold believed that this “science of the final grounds of nature and freedom” was already discovered; that the project of philosophy was completed through Kant’s critique of theoretical and practical reason and Reinhold’s theory of the faculty of representation.
Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830 by Peter K. J. Park