By Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi
Job conception -- a conceptual framework initially constructed via Aleksei Leontiev -- has its roots within the socio-cultural culture in Russian psychology. The foundational notion of the speculation is human task, that is understood as functional, mediated, and transformative interplay among humans and the area. because the early Nineteen Nineties, task concept has been a visual landmark within the theoretical panorama of Human-Computer interplay (HCI). besides another frameworks, reminiscent of allotted cognition and phenomenology, it proven itself as a number one post-cognitivist process in HCI and interplay layout. during this publication we talk about the conceptual foundations of task concept and its contribution to HCI research.
After making the case for concept in HCI and in brief discussing the contribution of task conception to the sector (Chapter One) we introduce the historic roots, major rules, and ideas of task idea (Chapter Two). After that we current in-depth analyses of 3 concerns which we think of of detailed significance to present advancements in HCI and interplay layout, particularly: organisation (Chapter Three), event (Chapter Four), and activity-centric computing (Chapter Five). We finish the publication with reflections on demanding situations and clients for extra improvement of job idea in HCI (Chapter Six).
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Additional resources for Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections
THE CONCEPT OF ACTIVITY AND THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHE 23 The use of tools is closely related to other factors influencing the development of the mind, namely, the use of language and the division of labor. Continuing the cultural-historical tradition of using the tool metaphor for understanding the role of signs and symbols in the functioning and development of the mind, Leontiev focused on the role of tools in the development of concepts. Concepts have a general meaning applicable to a variety of concrete situations and experiences.
On the other hand, tools and other artifacts (such as clothes) could facilitate coordination of individual contributions to collective activities by signifying the social status and specific responsibilities of their owners. The division of labor, according to Leontiev, had a special significance for the development of the mind. When a person participates in a socially distributed work activity, his actions are typically motivated by one object but directed to another one. Let us consider Leontiev’s canonical example of activity, a collective activity of primordial hunting.
The opposite process is “de-automatization,” the transformation of routine operations to conscious actions. ” Typically, a new, more appropriate procedure is devised which first is carried out as a conscious action and then becomes an operation. Transformations can also take place between activities and actions. For instance, a goal subordinated to another, higher-level goal can become a motive, so that a former action acquires the status of an activity. 28 2. 2: The hierarchical structure of activity.
Activity Theory in HCI: Fundamentals and Reflections by Victor Kaptelinin, Bonnie A. Nardi