Read e-book online A Century of psychology as science PDF

By Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

ISBN-10: 0070352496

ISBN-13: 9780070352490

This reissued variation (originally released via McGraw-Hill in 1985) of "A Century of Psychology as technological know-how" assesses the accomplishments, prestige and clients of psychology on the finish of its first century as a technological know-how, whereas delivering a brand new postscript. The essays replicate the forty three individuals' particular disciplines, but communicate to the wider thematic factor of "fundamental psychology". one of the fields addressed are sensory procedures and belief, studying, motivation, emotion, cognition, improvement, character and social psychology. This paintings stories psychology's first century and goals to supply a clean perception on psychology because it enters its moment century.

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Facilitation of progress by making a set of arbitrary and strong simplifying assumptions (e. g. , imaginary "boundary conditions, " counterfactual as­ sumptions re mathematical properties of the data), proposing an "as if" model observing that set of restrictions, and then gratefully falling prey to total amnesia for those restrictions. Tendency to select-usually on extraneous bases like amenability to "con­ trol" or to contemplated modes of mathematical treatment-a "simple case" and then to assume that it will be merely a matter of time and energy until the "complex case" can be handled by application of easy composition rules.

Things cannot get much better until we "put our fingers" on the particularities of these blockages. General diag­ nosis, free-floating existential screams, are not enough. Localizing the particularities of such blockages against authentic cognition is, of course, an awesome undertaking. Not only are the psychological, historical , and sociological grounds for the ever-accelerating dispersion of epistemopathy vastly ramified and intricately intertwined, but the cognitive pathologist cannot presume to be unafflicted by the disease that he or she seeks to cure.

Koch, 1961a, 1 964, 1 97 1 , 1973, 1 976b). Most of these analyses have been trained upon particular formulations and argued in detail. An early artifact of my disenchant­ ment with behaviorism-a study of Hull's systematic work (Koch, 1 9 54}-is proba­ bly the most mercilessly sustained analysis of a psychological theory on record. This body of work on the behaviorisms resists summary, but to convey the flavor of the cognitive-pathological enterprise, I can mention the following surgical ef­ forts.

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A Century of psychology as science by Sigmund Koch, David E. Leary

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