By Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez
The 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile have been considerably assorted from different army coups in Latin the US. those dictatorial regimes begun a brand new period within the subcontinent. They grew to become staunch bearers of a countrywide safeguard nation doctrine and brought radical new monetary rules. extra tellingly, they gave beginning to severe versions of society outfitted at the foundations of what can arguably be thought of ideological genocides, counting on either rudimentary and complex tools of repression and authoritarianism to set up neoliberal platforms that experience lasted until eventually this present day. 2013 marked the fortieth anniversary of the autumn of democratic rule in these nations. After 4 many years, the governments of Uruguay and Chile proceed to teach deficiencies in bringing the perpetrators of serious human rights violations to stand justice. forty Years is not anything: background and reminiscence of the 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile is electrified by means of the powerful stories that those coups nonetheless create. the variety of themes addressed within the contributions accrued the following show that the 1973 coups stay key sights for researchers around the globe and that the learn of those issues is way from exhausted.
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Additional info for 40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile
As a result of this new paradigm, the United Nations and its agencies would have theirs mandates expanded (Soares 2004, 344). However, all these changes were not sufficient to ensure the prevalence of human rights principles in the internal affairs of the countries associated with the UN. A new idea of responsibility emerged in the 1980s and 1990s, combining state responsibility with the criminal responsibility of individuals. Thus, the notion of legal responsibility was defined and in this way the demand emerged that the official members of any nation would have to comply with formal rules and be prepared to justify their actions in those terms in judicial courts.
Marcelo was sent to a detention centre in Buenos Aires where he was tortured and killed. María Claudia suffered a different fate. As a result of Operation Condor, wherein Southern Cone dictatorships coordinated their repressive activities to eliminate dissidents, she was transferred to Uruguay. In a Montevideo prison, her daughter, Macarena, was born (McSherry 2005). María Claudia was never heard from again and her remains have yet to be found. Her daughter, though, was left on the doorsteps of an Uruguayan police office, whose family adopted the girl (Lessa 2014, 80).
US Embassy Montevideo to Secretary of State. 1974a. “Politics of early 1974”. Telegram 24 January. Accessed August 2013 Public Library of US Diplomacy, WikiLeaks. html. —. 1974b. “1974 Economic prospects Worsen”. Telegram 6 May. Public Library of US Diplomacy, WikiLeaks. Accessed August 2013. html. Villaverde, Julio César. 1975a. “Ejércitos-Principal Diurno”, Document L17. In Folder 6 “CEA Conferencia de Ejércitos Americanos en Montevideo, 21/10/75”, Box 33: Uruguayan Embassy in Santiago, Chile.
40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile by Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez